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3 min read

Design Thinking: What is it used for and what are its stages?

3 min read

Design Thinking: What is it used for and what are its stages?

Did you know that 84% of design projects fail due to a lack of understanding of users' real needs? Design thinking is a methodology that seeks to change this statistic by focusing on the human being and their needs. This methodology not only fosters creativity and innovation in design but also focuses on effectively solving complex problems.

Table of Contents

What is Design Thinking?
Process and stages
What is it used for?
When can it be used?
How to use it for CX?

What is Design Thinking?

Design Thinking, is a methodology based on finding effective and innovative solutions to complex problems. It also centers on the human being, their needs, backgrounds, and desires. Using this tool allows us to understand those affected, starting from empathy and the creation of ideas that will help design and implement a solution focused on the real problem, benefiting both the company and the customers.

Additionally, this approach promotes experimentation and research for solving challenges and creating prototypes in design while always keeping the users at the center.

Knowing what this methodology is, it's important to remember that this approach is multidisciplinary, so we will need the assistance of different teams and disciplines to have a variety of perspectives.

<< Six Thinking Hats [Design Thinking] >>

Process and Stages

To create a design of this kind and a correct solution, several stages with their corresponding techniques and tools are required. The design thinking process is divided into two spaces: the problem space and the solution space. The first is where the right question is formulated through the stages of empathy and definition. In the second phase, there are three stages: ideation, prototyping, and testing.

1. Empathy: In this initial stage of the process, the foundation of the design is formed. Here, the user is identified, along with their needs and problems (pain points). It's a process of understanding, observing, and listening to their experiences and challenges.

To complete this segment, there are some techniques and tools that can help collect information, such as interviews, the 5 Ws questions, exploring the experience, and observing interactions, among others.

<< Designing with empathy (Design Thinking) >>

2. Define the problem: In this phase, the problem starts to make sense. An analysis is conducted to synthesize and organize the information gathered in the previous stage. Here, the team understands what needs to be done, what the user truly requires, and their pain points, in other words, identifying the root cause of the problem.

The technique that can be used in this process is the creation of a buyer persona. With the information we hear and observe, we build the profile of customers, including their concerns and desires, among other aspects.

3. Ideate: The third stage is the most creative in the process. Here, the team focuses on generating ideas with potential solutions to the problem. In this section, the goal is to generate a multitude of ideas, allowing for the highest number possible and categorizing them by types of ideas.

As we concentrate on ideation, some of the tools used include brainstorming, mind maps, and grouping them by their content. After this, the team can incorporate changes or additional ideas from their colleagues.

4. Create prototypes: Based on the ideas generated in the ideation stage, improvements are selected, and low-fidelity prototypes are created. Additional features are gradually added to these prototypes to present them to the customer and assess whether we are approaching a solution to the initial problem.

Various techniques can be used in this phase, such as storytelling, storyboards, physical and digital models, among others.

5. Testing: Finally, we reach the last stage. After creating the prototype, it should be delivered to the customer for feedback. Taking into account the provided information, necessary improvements are made. This process is repeated as many times as needed until a solution to the initial problem is achieved.

design thinking process

What is it used for?

In summary, we can say that Design Thinking serves for:

  • Innovation and creativity in designing ideas for a product, service, or process.
  • Multidisciplinary teamwork.
  • Effective problem-solving.
  • Putting the customer at the center.

When can it be used?

Related to the information mentioned earlier, it can be used in situations where it's needed to:

  • Innovate within the company.
  • Improve processes.
  • Solve a problem for a customer or within the company.
  • Develop new products and services.
  • Design a customer experience.

design thinking

 

<< Design Thinking Tools >>

 

How to use it for CX?

As we have seen, this methodology focuses on the customer. While it is true that the customer's experience is their perception of the company or brand, the use of this method can help us better understand the needs of our users to create a better buyer persona and customer journey.

On one hand, it allows us to understand the customer's concerns and desires, and on the other, we can define the problem based on what we discover in the empathy process. With this, innovative and creative ideas for various solutions can be generated.

In conclusion, the Design Thinking methodology can be applied in various situations where the goal is to understand the complex problems presented by users and solve them creatively with new ideas, ultimately improving the customer's experience.

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